Puppy guide

1. Care
5. First Aid
    “A dog will teach you unconditional love. If you can have that in your life, things won’t be too bad.”

    — Robert Wagner

    Puppy Care

    Finally, the pup you've been waiting for has arrived.

    This is a wonderful moment for you, but it may also be a difficult time for your new pet as he or she adjusts to his or her new surroundings. He'll be leaving the safety of his mama and pups and will be exposed to a variety of new sights, sounds, and scents. Here are some pointers to assist you in settling your new puppy into his new home.

    (a) First things first

    Food and water bowls

    Teething pups will chew on whatever they come across, which might be a problem if you're using plastic dishes. Stainless steel food and water bowls are more hygienic than plastic bowls since they don't corrode, shatter, or chip.

    Find a permanent location for your puppy's food and water dishes.

    Leash and collar

    Young puppies are incredibly active and will immediately begin their monkey business as they have settled into their new home.

    It's critical to begin using a collar and leash as soon as possible so that your puppy becomes accustomed to them. Make sure the collar, which should include an identifying tag, is tight enough to keep from slipping over his head but not too tight.

    Select a veterinarian

    It's crucial to get an initial exam, so find a veterinarian before bringing your new puppy home. Friends or family members who have pets can advise you one.

    (b) Potty Training

    Use potty pads to train your pup. Bring him/her to the potty pad on regular basis. The frequency will be determined by his age and bladder strength. It might be as often as every 15 minutes for extremely young puppies. A squandered trip is better than an accident.

    Until he is 16 weeks old, a pup cannot regulate his urination. So, no matter how much you want him to wait, he simply cannot.

    Look for obvious indicators that your puppy does, including as sniffing the ground, circling, or whimpering. Take him to the toilet pad as soon as you observe those symptoms.

    Don't overlook the importance of regularity and consistency. Accidents may be avoided by creating a timetable and sticking to it in acse of potty training.

    When you think it's time, take your puppy to the toilet pad. If he refuses to go, don't let him run about and play. Instead, return him to his box for 10-15 minutes and then try again. Rep till he completes his task.

    Feed your puppy on a regular basis. You can better estimate when your puppy will need to go to the toilet if you regulate when he eats. Feeding for free is not a good idea.

    Choose a suitable location for the potty pad. While your puppy is still learning, try not to move it. This is done because it instils in your dog the belief that if he has to go pee, he should go to that location. Your dog will have more accidents and take longer to teach if you confuse him.

    Reward your puppy with a treat if he stays in his kennel. If it's a rewarding place to be, he'll gladly go inside. Although crates are ideal for a quiet time out, it should never be used as a disciplinary tool.

    (c) Puppy friendly home

    To avoid mishaps, keep breakable things such as glassware, showpieces, and vases away from your pet's reach on tabletops and other surfaces.

    Tape electrical cables down or conceal them behind furniture where your pet cant get his paws on.

    Rugs and carpets should not be used since they tend to accumulate dander and fur and can turn into a breeding ground for germs. Instead, go for floor surfaces that are simple to maintain, such as vitrified tiles, porcelain tiles, marble, and laminated wood floors.

    Medications, insecticides, fertilisers, and dangerous home cleansers should all be kept out of the reach of dogs. To prevent pets from accessing the waste bin, cover it or buy one with a foot pedal.

    Install a screen on the window if you live in a high-rise so that cats or small dogs cannot leap out through the space between the grille. If you own an independent house, it's garden or backyard should also be surrounded by a high fence or boundary wall.

    We're not advising you to snoop on your dog, but who knows? Webcams for pets allow you to keep an eye on your pet while you're away, and a simple model won't break the bank.

    (d) Spaying and neutering

    Male pups should be spayed or neutered before 6 months, and female pups should be spayed or neutered before their first heat.

    Spaying and neutering can help animals live longer and healthier lives by lowering the risk of developing some of the most prevalent illnesses.

    Small-breed dogs that will measure less than 45 pounds as adults are spayed or neutered before they go into heat at 5 or 6 months. Sizable dogs that will weigh more than 45 pounds in adulthood should be neutered between the ages of 9 and 15, and spayed between the ages of 5 and 15.

    Dogs are only in heat twice a year on average. During their period, they also bleed and pee a lot. Spaying your pet stops him or her from becoming pregnant and showing these characteristics.

    Your veterinarian can assist you in determining the optimal timing, which may be dependent on a number of variables.

    (e) Pet health insurance

    Yes, you read it right. The medical costs of your cherished animal companion might burn a hole in your wallet.That's when your pal's insurance coverage comes in handy.

    The cost of pet health care has risen dramatically in recent years as a number of multi-specialty institutions that provide the most modern treatments for dogs have opened. An orthopaedic operation for a pet dog, for example, might cost anywhere from Rs 20,000 to Rs 40,000, while an open abdominal surgery can cost anywhere from Rs 15,000 to Rs 25,000. Depending on the hospital's amenities, this fee might even go higher.

    You can go though our blog - Should we buy health insurance for our furry friends ?

    Or get an instant quotation athttps://www.bajajallianz.com/pet-dog-insurance.html

    (f) GPS tracker belt

    Our pets love to explore, without being restrained by a leash. Many pet owners want to let their dog or cat wander freely about the backyard or neighbourhood without having to keep an eye on them or confine them to a certain area. Pet trackers may give peace of mind instead of resorting to invest in a fence or feeling nervous when dogs are left outside alone.

    Pet trackers allow owners to see what their pets are up to and where they go. The wearable's location technology may show you which houses in the area a dog could visit, or notify you that your cat sits in front of the same house each day. Some pet trackers also give more detailed information regarding fitness and activity levels, which can assist owners in keeping their pets happy and healthy.

    The most prominent and significant advantage of a pet tracker is the ability to locate them when they do not return home. When your pet has been gone for an extended period of time and you are anxious, you may use a pet tracking system to check where they've been going, whether they are far from home, and where to find them. If the pet is found by a stranger, some gadgets contain QE codes that may reveal the owner's contact details.

    (a) Behavioural training - Obedience training

    Select a Technique

    Choose the finest strategy for you and your dog before you start dog obedience training. Although training methods differ, most trainers believe that positive reinforcement, such as praise or rewards, works best for dogs. Another technique is known as clicker training.

    When dogs are compensated for excellent conduct, they learn faster and have more fun. Dog treats are your dog's paycheck. They're just a way to ensure that when it's time for a training session, your dog is ready to go.

    Dog treats are also a terrific method to show your dog that you appreciate what he or she has done. If you want to get your dog into a sit, give it the reward as soon as its back end touches the ground. This method works for all behaviours: you must instantly offer the treat so that your dog links the activity with the reward.

    Organize Sessions

    Small measures are frequently taken to achieve success. Two to three times a day, 10 to 15 minute training sessions with your dog are recommended. Because puppies have such short attention spans, this is especially true. Adult dogs may grow bored with longer sessions. Begin by teaching the most fundamental instructions. To avoid your dog being confused, try to limit yourself to one activity every training session.

    No getting angry on your pet

    Punishing or becoming furious with your dog during training is a typical error. This will simply add to the chaos. You can try to keep your dog's attention with rewards and excitement, but when your dog grows bored or sleepy, it's time to terminate the session. Make an effort to conclude each session on a good note.

    No getting angry on your pet

    Punishing or becoming furious with your dog during training is a typical error. This will simply add to the chaos. You can try to keep your dog's attention with rewards and excitement, but when your dog grows bored or sleepy, it's time to terminate the session. Make an effort to conclude each session on a good note.

    (b) Travel Training

    Here are some important points you might want to know while travelling with your dog in Indian railways :

    A traveller can commute with a pet dog in AC First Class or First Class only if he/she reserves a two-berth or four-berth compartment exclusively for his/her use and pays the appropriate charges based on the type of train

    Passengers in other classes are not permitted to bring their dogs with them. However, depending on the type of train, the dog can be registered and transported in the Luggage/Brake Van for a fee. In the Brake Van, specially built Dog Boxes are offered for this reason.

    Passengers who wish to book their pet dogs should contact the Parcel Office.

    Passengers who are caught with dogs who have not been pre-booked will be charged according to the current guidelines.

    Travel training is essential since travelling with dogs can be tough due to limited availability to many essential items.

    It's one thing to call your dog in from the backyard. It's another thing entirely to drag him away from fresh scents, animals, and canine companions. Do you need some assistance with your recall? Make sure you lavishly encourage him (WITH TREATS!) as soon as he arrives. Remember that you're up against a slew of amazing sights and smells, so give them a prize for ignoring them and paying attention to you.

    Here are some important commands you might want to teach your pet:

    1. Command : With me

    It's an instruction for your dog to walk in lockstep with you until you let him out. You may require your pet to walk beside you at times. So, whether you're crossing the street, navigating through crowds, or trying to avoid other animals, this order might come in handy. Grab your rewards and head to the backyard after your dog is dependably moving by your side on leash indoors after you say "with me." Gradually increase the number of distractions until your dog walks by your side after hearing "with me." Release your dog with your chosen cue when you no longer require her presence.

    How to train ?

    Begin on the inside. Put your dog's leash on her and remain completely motionless.While taking a step forward, show her the treat or toy near your leg.

    When your dog comes forward with you, say "yes" (or click) and give her the reward or toy. Ignore your dog if she pulls or strains at the leash in your living room.

    Ignore your dog if she pulls or strains at the leash in your living room.

    Repeat until your dog can dependably walk beside you, adding steps and increasing the duration between rewards.

    Consider using the word "with me" after she's walking beside you.

    Grab your rewards and head to the backyard after your dog is dependably moving by your side on leash indoors after you say "with me."

    Gradually increase the number of distractions until your dog walks by your side after hearing "with me."

    Release your dog with your chosen cue when you no longer require her presence.

    (c) Toys & Exercise

    Let us now feed your brain with some fascinating information about dogs' personalities based on their favourite toys:

    Balls: Ball-playing dogs have a high prey drive, which means they like chasing and grabbing something. Balls are popular among terriers, retrievers, setters, and pointers. If your canine enjoys playing with balls, make sure you choose high-quality ones. Low-quality balls tend to shred over time and can be fatal if consumed accidently. Choose chew-resistant balls for puppies; balls of various sizes and textures for adults; and plush balls that are pleasant on the mouth for senior dogs.

    Discs: Your pets' second-best mate could be discs. Dogs who just want to run, run, run will adore discs. They are excellent for increasing endurance, stamina, and speed. Dogs competing in Flyball and Agility begin their training with discs. Discs are similar to going for a long run or swimming in that they help release pent-up energy in the mind and body.

    Plush toys: Because plush toys are made of soft fabric, they are prone to becoming soiled if they are played with outside. Plus, as a snuggling friend, your pet would appreciate a soft toy. If you insist on bringing a soft toy out, make sure it's one that doesn't have any fur and can be readily washed.

    (a) Objectives of canine nutrition

    A dog's meal must not only provide calories, but also grow and maintain the body's cells in order to help avoid digestive, joint, and age-related disorders. His diet must be specifically adjusted to satisfy his individual nutritional demands in order to achieve these goals.


    Dogs can't thrive if they don't get enough protein in their diet. Dietary protein comprises ten amino acids that dogs are unable to produce on their own. Essential amino acids are the building blocks for a wide range of physiologically active chemicals and proteins. They also give the carbon chains required to produce glucose for energy. All of the necessary amino acids are well-balanced in high-quality proteins.

    According to studies, dogs can detect when their food is missing a single amino acid and will avoid eating it.

    Dogs are known to pick high-protein diets with great care.

    Fats & fatty acids:

    Dietary fats, which are mostly generated from animal fats and plant seed oils, are the most concentrated source of energy in the diet. They provide critical fatty acids that the body cannot produce and act as transporters for vital fat-soluble vitamins. Fatty acids have an important part in the construction and function of cells.

    Essential fatty acids are required for your dog's skin and coat to remain healthy. Puppies on extraordinarily low diets have dry, coarse hair and skin sores, making them more susceptible to illness. Vision problems can be caused by deficiencies in the so-called "omega-3" fatty acid. Omega 6 also plays an important function.


    Provide Energy

    Carbohydrates' most crucial job is to give the animal with enough energy. Certain carbohydrate sources can be converted by dogs into simple sugars that are easily absorbed. Before they can be absorbed, more complex carbs must be broken down further by the body.

    Cereal grains are the most prevalent carbs included in dog food. These grains must be finely powdered or boiled to allow the animal's gut to absorb them readily (digestibility). This also enhances the flavour of the raw materials (palatability).

    Carbohydrate sources are frequently mentioned among the first few ingredients on a dog food package.

    Carbohydrate sources are frequently mentioned among the first few ingredients on a dog food package. Here are a few examples:

    Barley is a cereal grain (pearled)

    Oatmeal (or whole oats)

    rice (brown)

    whole wheat flour

    corn kernels

    Millet (or sweet potato) Potato (or sweet potato)

    The word 'complete' will frequently appear in the label of a good quality ingredient, indicating that it contains key nutrients and fibre to keep your dog active and content throughout the day.


    Vitamins are organic substances that are required for life to exist. The majority of them may be obtained in food. Vitamins are required for animal development and upkeep.

    Most vitamins required by human and animal bodies are undoubtedly recognisable to you:

    Vitamin A

    B vitamins (vitamin B-6, and vitamin B-12)-

    B vitamins are a set of vitamins that are crucial for your dog's health. Thiamine stimulates ion channels in brain tissue and helps regulate energy and glucose metabolism.

    Riboflavin, B12, and niacin all aid in the operation of enzymes.

    Vitamin B6 is particularly important. Glucose production, red blood cell and nervous system function, hormone control, immunological response, niacin synthesis, and gene activation are all aided by this vitamin.

    Pantothenic acid is a B vitamin that aids in energy metabolism.

    Folic acid is involved in the metabolism of amino acids and nucleotides, as well as the creation of mitochondrial proteins.

    Vitamin C

    Vitamin D is an important nutrient.

    Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant

    Vitamin K


    Dogs require these vitamins as well, however, we must keep in mind that their requirements may differ from those of humans.

    3(c) Feeding guidelines

    Before we can understand how to feed your canine companions, we must first determine which breed they belong to:

    Dogs are majorly divided into four categories.-

    A. X-little

    X-Little dogs are very small canines that weigh up to 8 pounds when fully grown.

    These little creatures are the epitome of the "lap dog," living up to 15 years longer than bigger dogs. The very small dog is a popular indoor companion due to its small size and devoted, active nature.

    Despite the fact that little dogs consume less calories overall than large dogs, small breeds require more calories per pound. Small and toy breeds, whose metabolisms are quicker than large dogs', require 40 calories per pound each day, according to PetMD.

    Patellar luxation, which occurs when the kneecap is in the improper place while the knee is bent, as well as a collapsed trachea, are also common health problems in petite breeds. It's crucial to visit your veterinarian on a regular basis. If your pet has a collapsing trachea, a harness that goes over the chest instead of a regular leash and collar may be required.

    Because they have a considerably greater metabolic rate throughout their lives, these dogs require more energy per day than larger dogs, pound for pound.

    They also develop at a quicker rate: by the age of three months, a very little dog has gained half of its mature body weight.

    Dehydration can occur in these little dogs because they drink less water than bigger dogs.

    B. MINI dogs

    Mini dogs vary in size from 9 to 22 pounds when fully grown. They are popular among pet owners because to their tiny stature and vibrant, energetic demeanour. They're also recognised for having a lengthy life expectancy, ranging from 14 to 16 years.

    Miniature dogs, contrary to popular belief, have substantially greater energy requirements and require more protein and calories (per pound of body weight) than large breed dogs.

    Small dogs frequently make up for their shortness with big personalities, so training sessions and positive reinforcement are essential. Even tiny, limited dogs require regular exercise and activities to keep their minds and bodies stimulated.

    Small or miniature dogs are more energetic and abrasive than larger canines (more likely to bark or growl at strangers, visitors, or other dogs).

    They're more jittery and scared (easily spooked in strange situations, or when exposed to loud noises like thunder and fireworks)

    On average, the digestive tract of a MINI dog accounts for 7% of their entire body weight, compared to only 2.7 percent for big breed dogs.

    C. Medium sized dogs

    Adult canines from 23 to 55 pounds are classified as MEDIUM.

    Some moderate sized dogs have been bred for their activity and physical abilities to work outside in the past. From working farm dogs to family companions, MEDIUM canines have adapted to a broad range of lifestyles.

    MEDIUM dogs must obtain constant activity, regardless of where they dwell, in order to dissipate energy. The average lifespan of a MEDIUM dog is 10 to 12 years.

    A medium-sized puppy's birth weight increases by 40 to 50 times during development. For effective bone mineralization, he requires a lot of energy and nutrients at this time, as well as a balanced calcium and phosphorus consumption.

    D. Large sized dogs

    Large dogs or also known as MAXI comprises of adult canines weighing 56 to 99 pounds.

    Big dogs require extra walking and running room. A disadvantage of huge dogs is that some individuals are just not strong enough to hold back a dog that may weigh over 55 pounds, despite the fact that they need to be walked on a regular basis to burn off energy. As a result, huge dogs need get extensive obedience training as pups in order to learn not to pull when they reach adulthood. Despite their intimidating appearances, many of these dogs are gentle giants that make wonderful family companions.

    Many were raised as service dogs and thrive as livestock guards, scouts, emergency evacuation dogs, or support dogs because they can resist tests of endurance such as lengthy hikes, working in difficult situations, or maintaining watch.

    Large dogs, according to Healthy Paws Pet Insurance, can suffer from a variety of health issues, many of which are related to their joints, such as arthritis and hip or elbow dysplasia, as well as digestive system illnesses including gastric dilatation.

    4(a) Grooming

    The following are the key reasons for hygiene on a daily basis:

    Thrush, scrapes, and other skin disorders are less likely to occur.

    Monitoring of the dog's health by checking for cuts, hot spots, swelling, lameness, or changes in attitude, all of which might indicate sickness .

    rice (brown)

    Improves your relationship with your pet.

    Lowering the number of external parasites on the skin

    Avoid matting that might lead to health issues such as skin irritation or the trapping of hazardous microorganisms in the coat.

    Dogs can be bathed in a sink, a walk-in shower, or a bathtub; they can even be showered outside with a garden hose if the water is warm enough to avoid hypothermia. Warm water should be used to bathe dogs because hot water might scorch their skin. Dogs with a thick or matted coat should never be bathed until all mats have been brushed out or clipped.

    Dog shampoos and conditioners come in a variety of formulations. Pre-mixing the shampoo with water will ensure a more equal dispersion of the shampoo on dense and double-coated dogs. Avoid lathering the head since grooming products might irritate the vision if they come into touch with them.

    Dental hygiene is essential and may be taken care of while grooming. Everything from special toothpaste to toothbrushes may be found in dentistry packages on the market. Many toothbrushes include a flexible multiple design that ensures sufficient pressure is applied to all areas of the tooth with each stroke. These brushes contain soft outer bristles for massaging the gums and side bristles placed at 45 ° angle angles to avoid arm twisting. Toothpaste made specifically for dogs is frequently sugar-free and flavoured differently. No foaming or rinsing is required.

    Many dogs' coats require clipping, cutting, or other grooming. Breeds and disciplines have different styles. While some hair removal is done for practical reasons, a lot depends on the owner's preferences, whether the dog will be displayed, and what work the dog undertakes.

    Rubber grooming gloves and dog brushes are among of the most popular grooming products among pet owners, as they are designed to draw loose hair from short-coated dogs. They're simple to use, requiring only strong strokes to massage the coat, and they're good for both wet and dry coats.

    4(b) Fleas and teak

    For dogs, flea saliva is the most common allergy. Flea saliva generates a significant itch response in dogs, similar to the impact mosquitoes have on people. Fleas can also contain tapeworms, which can produce white segments in your dog's faeces 1-2 months after the fleas have been removed. Over-the-counter products such as flea collars, topicals and shampoos are seldom effective and can be harmful.

    We recommend that you use preventive on a monthly basis. Lyme disease, Ehrlichiosis, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Anaplasmosis, and Babesia are all transmitted by ticks. Ticks can be picked up in the woods or long grass by your dog.

    4(c) Vaccinations

    Your puppy must be vaccinated against Distemper, Hepatitis, Parvovirus, Leptospirosis, and Parainfluenza between the ages of six and sixteen weeks. For optimal impact, administer these "boosters" 2-3 weeks apart. Your pet will need an annual vaccine after completing the course.

    The initial rabies vaccination is administered at 16 weeks of age, and subsequent vaccinations are given every 1 or 3 years.

    A vaccine reaction in a puppy is quite rare.

    4(d) Hookworms & Roundworms prevention

    Toxocara (roundworms) are parasitic worms that dwell in the intestines of dogs and cats. Dogs and cats transfer the eggs in their faeces, which can infect humans. Although Toxocara infections in humans are uncommon, they can induce enlargement of central nervous system organs. Infections can cause irreversible visual, neurologic, or other tissue damage in the eye, brain, liver, and lungs, among other organs. In most situations, these infections are not life-threatening, and many people who have been infected by larvae may not show any signs or symptoms. The elderly and small children, who frequently play in or consume dirt contaminated by dog or cat stool, are more prone to get the most severe cases.

    Another prevalent parasite in dogs and cats is Ancylostoma and Uncinaria (hookworms). Contact with faeces can cause infection, as can going barefoot in your yard and stepping NEAR infected excrement. The emergence of progressive, very irritating, linear eruptive sores is defined when infective larvae enter the skin. Larvae can also reach deeper tissues, causing further symptoms.

    First Aid

    Dogs are curious creatures who have no notion of danger. They are always chewing on things they shouldn't be chewing on, putting themselves into dangerous situations, and exploring locations that aren't safe for them to visit. Their inquisitiveness might sometimes lead to an emergency.

    Many situations affecting our dogs might occur at home or while out on a stroll. It's critical to be completely prepared in these situations in order to act promptly and efficiently — you may save their life.

    Learning to recognise an emergency is an important part of first aid. Here are some emergency scenarios in which you should take your dog to the veterinarian immediately:

    If they are:

    are having a fit/seizure

    may have broken bones

    are having difficulty moving or coordinating movements

    may have eaten something toxic

    have been vomiting or passing diarrhoea for more than 24 hours

    are unresponsive

    are having a fit/seizure

    If there is any bleeding, clean the wound first if it is visible. Rinse it with alcohol or an antiseptic solution. Apply pressure with a clean gauze until the blood begins to coagulate. After 3 minutes of exerting pressure, check on the clotting. If the bleeding persists, apply pressure for a further 3 minutes before checking again.

    If you suspect your dog has a fractured bone, keep them quiet and immobilised as much as possible to avoid them from injuring themselves further. If possible, lay them on a level surface that you can easily transfer (such as a travel box) and secure them with a towel or blanket.

    Remember to contact your veterinarian right away to inform them of the issue. Give them the specifics of what happened, as well as any vital signs you've taken, so the vet can prepare for your puppy and provide emergency care when you arrive. Veterinary care should always be sought after first aid!

    Prepare the FIRST-AID kit for your Puppy


    Cotton swabs or balls


    Gloves for yourself

    Antiseptic or alcohol



    Splints or tongue suppressor

    Blanket or muzzle

    Rectal Thermometer

    Water in case of dehydration

    Antibiotic ointment to treat rashes or stings


    Finger Sweep: If you can see the thing in your pup's throat to try to remove it without pushing it farther. Pull it out gently with tweezers or needle-nose pliers.

    Use Gravity: To use this approach, lift your dog by the hips or hind legs so that their face is facing down, as if they were in a wheelbarrow. This posture may aid in the removal of the item.

    Standing or Kneeling Heimlich:

    If you have a little puppy or dog, you can rise up and hold the pup's back against your tummy. Kneel behind a larger dog if you can't lift it up. Find the soft place beneath their ribs by putting your fists together around their abdomen. For a rapid five-count, compress this area. Check their mouth to see whether the thing has moved. Rep until the thing comes loose and you can remove it.

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